The Blossom Federation


At Daubeney we are determined that every child will learn to read and write, to achieve this we follow Letters and Sounds, a structured, systemic phonics programme. We believe that diligent, concentrated and systematic teaching of phonics is central to the success of all our pupils in order for them to achieve high reading standards in Key Stage 1 and for life.

The best phonics teaching is characterised by a planned structure including; fast pace, praise/reinforcement, perceptive responses, active participation by all children and evidence of progress.

Throughout the programme, pupils are given opportunities to apply what they have learnt through reading – including time to read aloud to adults to practise their decoding skills – writing and comprehension of what they are reading. The children are split into groups, within their year group, in order to deliver each phase.

Phase 1 (Nursery and Reception)

During this phase we develop speaking and listening so children can begin to hear and recognise and talk about sounds including environmental sounds, body sounds, instrumental sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral blending. During this phase children are given opportunities to:

  • Develops speaking and listening through an enriched environment and structured activities
  • Daily opportunities to listen to and enjoy stories, songs and drama;
  • Discrete phonic lessons that support the development of listening skills in order to prepare pupils to prepare to distinguish sounds.

Phase 2

In this phase children learn 19 sounds of the alphabet and their most common sounds. They learn to blend sounds together to read words and segment sounds to spell words. They develop reading by reading simple captions and sentences.

Phase 3

In this phase they learn the remaining 7 letters of the alphabet along with their most common sound. They begin to learn sounds that are represented by two letters or more. They develop skills through reading, spelling and writing words, sentences and questions.

Phase 4 (Key Stage 1)

This is a consolidation stage where we teach children to blend and segment longer words it also develops spelling development as they learn to spell words with adjacent consonants

Phase 5 (Throughout Year 1)

During this phase children learn more complex sounds and also learn alternative ways to pronounce the sounds they already know.

Phase 6 (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

Throughout this phase children child develop comprehension skills needed to become successful readers. Children learn a range of strategies that help them to develop their skills of inference this includes use of dictionaries to clarify meanings and extend vocabulary, generating questions to investigate texts and summarising texts read. Through all stages of phonics children are given opportunities to listen to texts, read a range of books in order to develop their love of reading.

We assess phonics in order to support children’s individual and group needs in order to aid their progression. This informs our medium and short-term plans. The results of the assessments will also indicate if any form of intervention is needed. Teachers are required to make regular ongoing assessments of the children’s learning within the phonics phases of Letters and Sounds. These assessments are informal and will take place any time children are engaged in reading and writing activities.

At the end of each term practitioners, will complete summative assessments.

Phonics Highlights